The Brazilian Law has a long and rich history. The country’s law system is composed of French, German, Italian and Portuguese Civil law. For centuries, the Portuguese colony had their Law as the Law of Portugal. The general legal system relies much on the Civil Law tradition, established in statutes and of late, súmula vinculante (stare decisis). As from October 21st, 1988, the Federal Constitution was implemented and is the absolute law of the country and is featured in its stringent written form. The law in Brazil is strict and follows a certain protocol. The Constitution stipulates the countries legal structure and catalogues the country as a Federative Republic created by the indissoluble union of the states, municipalities and the Federal District. The country has a total of 26 federate states that have the ability to affiliate their laws and Constitution. The principles indicated in the Federal Constitution limits their sovereignty.
In 1827, the first law schools, the Academies of Law and Social Sciences were established in Olinda and São Paulo. The Course of Law in the country is auspicious and one of the most distinguished. It takes a total of five years for a student to graduate, and that doesn’t affirm the beginning of the law profession. The Bar Association of Brazil examination has to be passed for a graduate to undertake any profession that imparts to law. Legal duties can only be undertaken after a lawyer is registered before the bar making them independent of other government entities.
As of 2007, the Law Courses in Brazil has hit 1,024 with 197,664 law students. Unlike in other countries such as the United States where law schools are non-existent in some states like Alaska, Brazil has law schools in all its states. The number of Brazil students undertaking law and the average number of lawyers in the country is increasing rapidly making the law system effective and outstanding. In 2010, the number of lawyers noted was 621,885. Brazil is now teeming with lawyers and law schools making the wheels of justice move at a faster pace.
Among the most credible top lawyers in Brazil legal practice is the prominent Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho. He is an associate and a co-founder of the Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados. Throughout his career, Mr. Tosto has exuded professionalism in whatever he presented before his clients, judges and his peers. He understands that litigation at its gist is an argument but doesn’t necessarily have to be a confrontation. He has it that the art of persuasion, civility is not only the high road but depicts as a powerful arsenal. His long-term capability to persuade was not as a result of using anger, intimidation, and hostile tactics that lead to a short-term gain.
His confidence and competitive spirit have earned him success in defending notable individuals, reputable companies as well as the government. He started his career from a miniature office, advanced to a large corporate litigation firm, and he now has his own law firm that is among the biggest and most successful in Brazil.